How To Write An Argumentative Essay

As an experienced academic writer, we understand the importance of developing a strong argumentative essay. It’s not just about expressing your opinion, but about presenting a well-researched and structured argument that persuades your audience. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to develop an argumentative essay that will impress your readers and earn high search engine rankings.

Step 1: Choose a Topic

The first step in developing an argumentative essay is to choose a topic that’s both relevant and interesting to your audience. Your topic should be debatable, meaning that there are different opinions on the issue. This will provide you with the opportunity to present your argument and counterarguments.

When selecting your topic, you should also consider your target audience. Think about their interests, needs, and beliefs, and choose a topic that resonates with them. For example, if your target audience is interested in environmental issues, you might choose a topic related to climate change or sustainable living.

Step 2: Research the Topic

Once you’ve chosen a topic, the next step is to research it thoroughly. This includes gathering information from credible sources, such as academic journals, books, and reputable websites. Make sure to take notes on your findings, and organize them according to your argument.

It’s important to use reliable sources in your research. This will ensure that your argument is well-supported and credible. When evaluating sources, consider the author’s credentials, the publication date, and whether the source is peer-reviewed.

Step 3: Develop a Thesis Statement

The thesis statement is the main argument of your essay. It should be clear, concise, and debatable. Your thesis statement should also provide a roadmap for your essay, outlining the main points you’ll be discussing.

When developing your thesis statement, consider the following questions:

  • What’s your main argument?
  • What evidence will you use to support your argument?
  • What counterarguments will you address?

Your thesis statement should be placed at the end of your introduction, and it should be specific enough to guide your reader through your argument.

Step 4: Create an Outline

An outline is a roadmap for your essay. It helps you organize your thoughts and ensures that your essay flows logically. Your outline should include an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

When creating your outline, consider the following elements:

  • Introduction: Provide background information on your topic, and include your thesis statement.
  • Body Paragraphs: Discuss your main points and evidence, and address counterarguments.
  • Conclusion: Summarize your main points and restate your thesis statement.

Your outline should also include subheadings for each section, which will make it easier to write your essay.

Step 5: Write the Introduction

The introduction is the first paragraph of your essay. It should grab your reader’s attention and provide a brief overview of your topic. Your introduction should also include your thesis statement.

When writing your introduction, consider the following elements:

  • Hook: Use a hook to grab your reader’s attention. This could be a quote, a statistic, or a personal anecdote.
  • Background information: Provide context and background information on your topic.
  • Thesis statement: Clearly state your main argument.

Your introduction should be clear, concise, and engaging, setting the tone for the rest of your essay.

Step 6: Write the Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs are the meat of your essay. They should provide evidence to support your thesis statement and counterarguments. Each body paragraph should focus on one main point, and include evidence from your research to support it.

When writing your body paragraphs, consider the following elements:

  • Topic sentence: Start each body paragraph with a topic sentence that clearly states the main point you’ll be discussing.
  • Evidence: Use evidence from your research to support your main point. This could include statistics, quotes, or examples.
  • Analysis: Analyze your evidence and explain how it supports your argument.
  • Counterarguments: Address counterarguments and explain why they’re not valid or how your argument is stronger.

Make sure that each body paragraph flows logically from the previous one, and that your evidence is well-supported and relevant to your argument.

Step 7: Write the Conclusion

The conclusion is the last paragraph of your essay. It should summarize your main points and restate your thesis statement. Your conclusion should also provide a final thought on your topic, leaving a lasting impression on your reader.

When writing your conclusion, consider the following elements:

  • Summary: Summarize your main points and evidence.
  • Restate thesis: Restate your thesis statement in a new way.
  • Final thought: Provide a final thought on your topic that leaves a lasting impression on your reader.

Your conclusion should be concise and impactful, leaving your reader with a clear understanding of your argument.

Step 8: Edit and Revise

Once you’ve written your essay, it’s important to edit and revise it for clarity, coherence, and accuracy. Make sure that your essay flows logically, and that each paragraph supports your argument. Check for spelling and grammatical errors, and make sure that your citations are correct.

When editing and revising your essay, consider the following elements:

  • Clarity: Is your argument clear and easy to understand?
  • Coherence: Does your essay flow logically from one paragraph to the next?
  • Accuracy: Is your evidence accurate and well-supported?
  • Grammar and spelling: Are there any spelling or grammatical errors?
  • Citations: Are your citations correct and properly formatted?

It’s also a good idea to have someone else read your essay and provide feedback. This will give you an outside perspective and help you identify any areas that need improvement.

Step 9: Create a Compelling Title and Meta Description

Finally, to ensure that your essay ranks high in search engine results, it’s important to create a compelling title and meta description. Your title should be concise, keyword-rich, and accurately reflect the content of your essay. Your meta description should provide a brief summary of your essay, and include relevant keywords.

When creating your title and meta description, consider the following elements:

  • Keywords: Use relevant keywords in your title and meta description to improve search engine rankings.
  • Accuracy: Make sure that your title and meta description accurately reflect the content of your essay.
  • Clarity: Keep your title and meta description clear and concise, so that readers know what to expect when they click on your link.


In conclusion, developing an argumentative essay requires careful planning, research, and organization. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you’ll be able to create a well-researched and structured argument that’s both engaging and persuasive. Remember to choose a relevant and debatable topic, research it thoroughly, develop a clear thesis statement, and organize your essay logically. With practice and persistence, you’ll be able to create argumentative essays that rank high in search engine results and impress your readers.